Diabetes affect nervous system as blood glucose levels remain high for extended periods of time over a number of years, the blood vessels which feed the nerves can become damaged and can lead to the nerves themselves becoming damaged can lead to loss of feeling in extremities such as the hands and lower legs.
There are four main types of diabetic neuropathy
PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY – a common cause of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes, but it can also result from injuries, infections and exposure to toxins. Symptoms include pain, a pins-and-needles sensation, numbness and weakness
AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY – a type of nerve damage that can occur with diabetes. The condition most often affects the legs and feet. For some people, symptoms are mild. For others, symptoms can be painful, debilitating, and even fatal.
PROXIMAL NEUROPATHY – Proximal diabetic neuropathy, also known as diabetic amyotrophy, is a complication of diabetes mellitus that affects the nerves that supply the thighs, hips, buttocks and/or lower legs. Proximal diabetic neuropathy is a type of diabetic neuropathy characterized by muscle wasting, weakness, pain, or changes in sensation/numbness of the leg.
MONONEUROPATHY (FOCAL NEUROPATHY) damage to a single nerve, which results in loss of movement, sensation, or other function of that nerve.
Uncontrolled high blood sugar damages nerves and interferes with their ability to send signals, leading to diabetic neuropathy. High blood sugar also weakens the walls of the small blood vessels (capillaries) that supply the nerves with oxygen and nutrients.
Treatment includes managing blood sugar and using medication to control symptoms.
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