Parkinson’s disease (PD), or simply Parkinson’s, is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The symptoms usually emerge slowly, and as the disease worsens, nonmotor symptoms become more common. The most obvious early symptoms are tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Cognitive and behavioral problems may also occur with depression, anxiety, and apathy occurring in many people with PD
About 50% more men than women get Parkinson’s disease. It is most commonly seen in persons 60 years of age and older. However, up to 10% of patients are diagnosed before age 50.
The most recognizable symptoms in PD are movement (“motor”) related. Nonmotor symptoms, which include autonomic dysfunction, neuropsychiatric problems (mood, cognition, behavior or thought alterations), sensory (especially altered sense of smell), and sleep difficulties, are also common.
Four motor symptoms are considered as cardinal signs in PD: tremor, slowness of movement (bradykinesia), rigidity, and postural instability.
PD can cause neuropsychiatric disturbances, which can range from mild to severe. This includes disorders of cognition, mood, behavior, and thought.
Psychosis can be considered a symptom with a prevalence at its widest range from 26 to 83%. Hallucinations or delusions occur in about 50% of people with PD over the course of the illness and may herald the emergence of dementia.
Behavior and mood alterations are more common in PD without cognitive impairment than in the general population and are usually present in PD with dementia. The most frequent mood difficulties are depression, apathy, and anxiety.
You may develop a forward lean that makes you more likely to fall when bumped. You may take short shuffling steps, have difficulty starting to walk, and difficulty stopping and not swing your arms naturally as you walk. You may feel like your feet are stuck to the floor when trying to take a step.
You may experience a painful cramp in your foot or curled and clenched toes. Dystonia can occur in other body parts.
You have a “hunched over” posture.
Exercise helps improve muscle strength, balance, coordination, flexibility, and tremor. It is also strongly believed to improve memory, thinking and reduce the risk of falls and decrease anxiety and depression.
This is not only good for your general health but can ease some of the non-movement-related symptoms of Parkinson’s, such as constipation. Eating foods high in fiber, in particular, can relieve constipation.
Falls are a frequent complication of Parkinson’s. While you can do many things to reduce your risk of falling, the two most important are:
Quality sleep is the most important part of Parkinson’s. Patient Required 8 hours sleep regularly
Some tips to help me maintain balance?
Living with Parkinson’s disease can be a frustrating experience. It’s normal to feel angry, depressed, and anxious. You and your family members might find it helpful to reach out to others who have this disease – to share your knowledge and insights, experiences, and tips for living.
Read More: TIPS FOR TAKING DRUGS FOR PARKINSON DISEASE.