Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), is a rare but serious neurological condition that affects the peripheral nervous system. While the exact cause of GBS is not always clear, there are certain factors that are believed to play a role in its development.
Here, we’ll explore the potential causes of GBS and shed light on this complex condition.
GBS often occurs after an infection, particularly viral or bacterial. The body’s immune response to fight off the infection can sometimes lead to an unintended attack on the nerves. Common infections linked to GBS include:
In GBS, the immune system mistakenly targets healthy nerve cells. While infections can trigger this immune response, other factors may also play a role in the development of GBS, including:
Sometimes, the immune system may confuse the pathogens (harmful microorganisms) causing the infection with nerve cells. This cross-reactivity can lead to the immune system attacking both the infection and the nerves. This mistaken attack on the nerves can result in the characteristic symptoms of GBS.
While GBS is not generally considered a genetic disorder, genetics may still play a role in determining who is more susceptible to developing the syndrome. Certain genetic factors could influence how an individual’s immune system responds to infections or other triggers.
Environmental factors, such as exposure to certain toxins or chemicals, could potentially contribute to the development of GBS. However, more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between these factors and the onset of GBS.
GBS can affect people of any age, but it’s more common in adults and the elderly. Also, some studies suggest a slightly higher risk for males compared to females.
Dr. Navin Tiwari