What Happens to a Person with Huntington’s Disease?

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What Happens to a Person with Huntington’s Disease?

Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a kind of complex neurological condition that majorly impacts the lives of those diagnosed and their families. In simple terms, HD is a genetic disorder that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain.

Let’s delve into what happens to a person with Huntington’s disease. Here are some major points about Huntington’s disease.

What Happens to a Person with Huntington's Disease?

Motor Function Decline:

One of the major causes of Huntington’s Disease is the deterioration of motor skills. Initially, subtle changes might be observed, like fidgeting or restlessness. As the disease advances, these minor issues give way to more pronounced difficulties in coordination and control over movements.

Involuntary Movements (Chorea):

A distinctive characteristic of HD is the emergence of involuntary, uncontrollable movements, which is termed as chorea. These movements can range from simple fidgeting to more pronounced jerking or writhing motions. This can make daily tasks like eating or writing challenging for individuals with HD.

Cognitive Challenges:

Beyond the physical realm, Huntington’s Disease affects cognitive functions. Memory lapses, difficulty concentrating, and impaired decision-making become apparent. As the disease progresses, these cognitive challenges can escalate, impacting the person’s ability to communicate and engage in routine activities.

Emotional and Behavioral Changes:

HD not only takes a toll on the physical and cognitive aspects but also on emotional well-being. Individuals with HD may experience mood swings, irritability, and even depression. This emotional rollercoaster adds another layer of complexity to the already demanding journey.


From the initial subtle signs to the profound impact on daily life, there are a range of challenges that are faced by HD patients. It’s crucial to approach individuals who are having HD and their families with empathy, understanding, and support as they navigate this complex landscape.

Dr. Navin Tiwari
Consulting Neurologist

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