What is Huntington’s Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

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What is Huntington’s Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

What is Huntington’s Disease?

Huntington’s disease is a genetic disorder affecting the brain, causing progressive damage to nerve cells. It’s caused by a problem in our genes, which we get from our parents. This gene issue leads to problems with our brain cells,

It’s a tough condition, but getting the right care and support can make a big difference for those suffering from Huntington’s disease. Diagnosing Huntington’s disease involves some tests, genetic testing, and a review of symptoms.

A blood test identifies the faulty gene causing the condition. Neurological exams and imaging may also contribute to the diagnosis. Early detection allows for better treatment of this disease.

What is Huntington's Disease?, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & More

Symptoms of Huntington’s Disease

Early signs often include:

  • Mood swings.
  • Irritability.
  • Memory issues.
  • As it progresses, individuals may experience involuntary jerking or writhing movements, difficulty speaking or swallowing, and a decline in cognitive abilities.
  • Behavioral changes, such as impulsivity, can occur.
  • Unsteady walking.
  • Emotional and psychiatric symptoms intensify, impacting daily life.

Symptoms can vary in every other person. So, it’s better to consult with a doctor.

Causes of Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease happens when there’s a problem in a special gene. It is a genetic disorder. Leads to trouble with movements and other issues. The mistake in the gene can be passed from a parent to their child.

If a parent has the problem gene, their child might get it too. This is why some families have this disease. Its symptoms cause problems as the person grows older.

Treatment of Huntington’s Disease

There are many ways to manage the symptoms of this disease.

  • Medicines are used to control movements and improve mood.
  • Therapy, like physical and speech therapy, assists with movement and communication challenges.
  • In some cases, special care facilities may be needed as the disease progresses.
  • Changing your bad food habits can also help in some or the other way.
  • Regular check-ups with doctors ensure proper care, helping individuals live as comfortably as possible.

Dr. Navin Tiwari
Consulting Neurologist

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